Passports, visas > Vietnam


To enter the Vietnam you will need to show a valid passport and value at lest 6 months, or national identity card if you are an EEA citizen ( passport is better with my advice) .


Visa procedure

Most visitors to Vietnam need a visa to enter the country. Visas are exempted for the citizens of the countries, which have signed a bilateral or unilateral visa exemption agreement with Vietnam, tourist visa may be valid for 15 to 30 days.


Visa exemption:

Vietnamese people that hold foreign passports and foreigners who are their husbands, wives and children are exempt from visa requirements to enter Vietnam and are allowed to stay for not more than 90 days. In order to be granted visa exemption certificates at Vietnamese representative offices abroad, overseas Vietnamese need conditions:


  • Foreign-issued permanent residence certificate (PRC) with the validity of at least six months since the date of entrance.
  • Visa exemption paper (VEP) is granted by Vietnamese appropriate authorities.

Those who expect to stay more than 90 days must apply for visa according to current stipulations before their entrance.

Bilateral visa exemption agreement

  • Citizens of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Laos holding valid ordinary passports are exempt from visa requirements and are allowed to stay for not more than 30 days; Philippines is allowed to stay for not more than 21 days.
  • By February 2011, citizens of China, Kyrgyzstan, North Korea, and Rumania holding valid ordinary passports for official mission. Citizens of 60 countries holding valid diplomatic or official passports are exempt from visa requirements including:  Argentina, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Chile, China, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Dominica, Ecuador, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicaragua, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela.
  1. Unilateral visa exemption
  • Visa with 30-day validity is exempted for officials from ASEAN secretariat holding different kinds of passports.
  • Citizens of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Japan, South Korea and Russia holding different kinds of passports are exempt from visa requirements and are allowed to stay for not more than 15 days.

Others who want to enter Vietnam must be provided with a visa.

  • Tourist visa is valid in 30 days.
  • Visa is issued at the Vietnamese diplomatic offices or consulates in foreign countries. Visa is possibly issued at the border gates to those who have written invitations by a Vietnamese competent agencies or tourists in the tours organized by Vietnamese international travel companies.
  • Application files for visa: the entrance application (printed form); two 4×6 cm photos; passport and fee for the visa issuance.
  1. Visa extension:Served by all international travel companies.

Tourist visas allow visitors to enter and exit Vietnam at Hanoi, HCMC and Danang air-ports or at any of its twelve land borders, three each with Cambodia and China, and six with Laos. Tourist visas are valid for a single 30-day stay. the government often talks about issuing visas on arrival to certain favoured nationalities, but as yet this sensible scheme has failed to materialise. Arranging the paperwork for a Vietnamese visa has become fairly straightforward, but it remains expensive and unnecessarily time-consuming. Processing a tourist-visa application typically takes four or five working days in countries in the West. It is possible to arrange a visa on arrival through a Vietnamese travel agent. They will need passport details in advance and will send a confirmation for the visa to be issued at your airport of arrival. In Asia the best place to pick up a Vietnamese visa is Cambodia, where it COST A around US$30 and can be arranged the same day. Bangkok is also a popular place as many agents offer cheap packages with an air ticket and visa thrown in. If you plan to spend more than a month in Vietnam, or if you plan to exit Vietnam and enter again from Cambodia or Laos, arrange a three-month multiple-entry visa. These cost around US$95 in Cambodia, but are not available from all Vietnamese embassies. In our experience personal appearance influences the reception you receive from airport immigration – it you wear shorts or scruffy clothing, look dirty or unshaven, you can expect problems. Try your best to look ‘respectable’.
Business Visas
Business visas arc usually valid for three or six months, allow multiple entries and the right to work. Getting a business visa has now become cheap and easy, although prices are about double those of a tourist visa. It is generally easier to apply for a business visa once in Vietnam, after having arrived on a tourist visa.
Student visas
A student visa is usually arranged after your arrival. It’s acceptable to enter Vietnam on a tourist visa, enrol in a Vietnamese language course and then apply at the immigration police for a change in status. In reality, the easiest way to do it is to contact a travel company and have them help you make the application.
Visa Extensions
If you’ve got the dollars, they’ve got the rubber stamp. Tourist-visa extensions cost as little US$10, but it is easier to pay more and sort this out through a travel agency. Getting the stamp yourself can be a bureaucratic nightmare. The procedure takes two or three days and you can only extend one time for 30 days.
In theory you should be able to extend your visa in any provincial capital. In practice it goes smoothest in major cities, such as HCMC, Hanoi, Danang and Hue, which cater to mass tourism.
Re-Entry Visas
It’s possible to enter Cambodia, Laos or any other country from Vietnam and then re enter without having to apply for another visa. However, you must apply for a re-entry visa before you leave Vietnam. If you do not have a re-entry visa, you will have to go through the whole Vietnamese visa nonsense again. Re-entry visas are easiest to arrange in Hanoi or HCMC, but you will almost certainly have to ask a travel agent to do the paperwork tor you. Travel agents charge about US$25 for this service and can complete the procedure in a day or two.

VISA ON ARRIVAL ( is abbreviates to VOA)

If you are planning to arrive in Vietnam by AIR at Ho Chi Minh, Hanoi, Nha Trang or Da Nang airport, a legitimate alternative to obtaining a full visa stamp from the Vietnamese Embassy in your own or another country is to opt for a very simple and cheaper, visa on arrival (VOA). Once issued, this visa is exactly the same as a visa issued by any Vietnamese embassy/consulate, with the same limitations and conditions attached to its use.

The VOA paperwork is not a full visa, rather you employ an agent ( before you arrive) in Vietnam to obtain an official letter of approval that you present at the VOA counter when you land. Upon payment of a visa processing fee at the airport  (U.S.$45 for a one month (30 day) or 3 month (90 day) single entry visa, U.S. $65 for a less than 30 day multi-entry, U.S.$95 for a 30 day or more multi) you will receive your passport back with a full visa inside. Most agents ask you to state your present nationality as part of the application process and provided you qualify you can apply for a one or three month visa, single or multiple entry. The fees charged by VOA agents for their service varies from $9 and upwards, depending on the type of visa and the agent in question. Some tour operators and travel agents may even offer cut-price VOAs approval letter fees in the hope that you will book tours with them. Do be aware that 3 month multi entry visa are still sometimes subject to restrictions, such that before firming your plans (regarding entry and exits from Vietnam), it would be prudent to check if you can get a visa for the required dates.

One disadvantage of the VOA system is that the process at the airport can be slow. HCMC airport (Tan Son Nhat) in particular, where things can become pretty chaotic if people do not form an orderly queue. HCMC airport is Vietnam’s busiest and handles far more traffic than the other two airports. In the high season, it is not uncommon to have to wait for an hour or two if you are stuck behind a large tour group. In Hanoi and Da Nang, and even in HCMC in the low season and during quiet times of the day, it can take less than 15 minutes to get your visa and pass through immigration – indeed you are likely to arrive at the baggage carousel before your bags do.

How to obtain your letter of approval.

Applying for a VOA letter of approval on-line is very easy and there are many reputable agents (use a search engine – Google, Yahoo etc. – to search for ‘visa on arrival  Vietnam’). They accept all major credit cards and with some you can pay through PayPal.

Important money saving tip: ** One Month Multiple Entry Fee  – the one month multiple entry fee can be either $65 or $95 depending on the number of days determined by the valid date range stated on the visa stamped.  If the days calculated to be 30 or over, you will pay $95, otherwise you pay $65.  If you won’t be needing 30 days, you will want to apply your approval letter as follows.  For example, if you will be travelling say from April 5 to April 25, instead of applying for a VOA approval letter starting on April 5, you want to apply for one starting on say March 27.  This makes your VOA valid from March 27 to April 27 (more than 29 days) but when you enter on April 5. the visa will state April 5 to April 27 (less than 30 days), you will need only to pay $65.  — based from a real experience in March 2013

On the agent’s web site or by email you may be asked for the following information:

1.  Your full name (some agents specifically require the names to be in the exact order they appear in the passport, so surname first)

2.  Present nationality

3.  Date of birth

4.  Occupation

5.  Passport number

6.  Passport date of issue

7.  Passport expiry date

8.  Proposed date of arrival (this is the date you want your visa to start from. The start date of the visa itself will be the day that you arrive – you may enter Vietnam at a later date – up to your exit date – but not before this date, so be sure to take time zone differences into account)

9.  Flight reference

10. Arrival time

11. Airport of arrival

12. Purpose of visit

If you have children travelling with you and they have their own passports, you will be required to apply and pay the same fees as if they were an adult.

After entering the information on-line or following confirmation by email you will be directed to a secure web site to pay the agency fee. In 2-3 days the agent will email you the approval letter (see image). Don’t be alarmed if there are other people’s names on the letter (it is common for agents to make bulk applications for up to 30 persons and all applicants’ names are printed on one letter, consisting of one or more pages), together with their nationalities, dates of birth and passport numbers, but if you have concerns about privacy or security you should instead consider applying to an embassy/consulate for your visa. Alternatively you can ask your agent for a private approval letter that bears only your name, and if applicable the names of family members or friends who are travelling with you. If an agency does not mention a ‘private’ or ‘separate’ service on its site, then it will be processing the applications in bulk.

Please make sure that your surname, given names and required entry / exit dates are 100% correct. If you have applied for a multi-entry visa that it does state ‘Is permitted to enter and exit Vietnam multiple times’. You will not be allowed to enter Vietnam before the entry date shown.The approval letter is valid at any of the three named airports but   cannot be used at any land border crossing. If entering via a land crossing you must already be in possession of a valid visa.

Print out the entire letter of approval (colour preferred but not essential) and don’t forget to take it with you! Some airlines will ask to see the letter before they allow you to check in or board the aircraft and you will need it at the VOA desk when you arrive at the airport in Vietnam. The agent might also send you an Application for Entry and Exit Visa form ( this form is available upon arrival but you will have to queue to obtain it ). Some agents also have this form available for download on their websites. It is recommended that you fill in this form in advance (ignore the instructions about printing out two copies – only   ONE is needed, irrespective of whether you’re applying for a single-entry or multiple-entry visa).

Airport Visa Procedure and Payment Process (Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi and Da Nang) .  

VOA is handled by the immigration service at the airports and as such, if the airport is operating so is the VOA department. It is absolutely vital that you have your visa processing fee(s) on you, in cash. There are no money machines (ATMs), money changers or any other way of withdrawing money in the immigration hall and the authorities do not take plastic. Until you can pay in cash you won’t get into the country and you could end up having a wonderful holiday camped on the wrong side of the barrier until your return flight leaves. If you have a bank card, an immigration officer might offer to escort you to an ATM to withdraw some money. Meanwhile you might starve to death (slight exaggeration, but you get the point) as it might be many hours before that happens. They have been known to accept payment in currencies other than US Dollars but are not obligated to do so. If they choose not to, you will have a problem if you haven’t brought US Dollars with you. The latest news is that an ATM has appeared at Tan Son Nhat Airport (HCMC) – adjacent to the landing visa counter. While this might be of help to those arriving without cash, it is still advisable to bring the correct money to pay for the visa. ATM’s do breakdown / run out of cash and the inevitable lack of clarity regarding the Dong / USD exchange rate conversion (it would be issuing Dongs), plus additional card charges, means it should be thought of as the option of last resort.

At   Ho Chi Minh City (Tan Son Nhat International Airport) the VOA window is situated over to the left as you enter the immigration hall, at the far end. Do not join any queues for Immigration Control. The counter itself is sign-posted –   LANDING VISA.  When you get to the Landing Visa (VOA) window, be prepared to hand over your   passport, one completed copy of the Entry and Exit form, the entire letter of approval and one passport size photo (the officer will staple your photo to the form if not already attached). You should then go and sit down. Even with few people being processed do not expect passports (with the visa attached) to be returned in the order that they were presented at the window.

When your visa is ready, your name will be called and at the same time your passport held up to the window with the photo page showing. You then pay the processing visa fee  – U.S.$25 for single entry, 1 or 3 month. up to U.S.$95 (**see above) for a One Month Multiple Entry. Vietnamese Dong or U.S. Dollars are the preferred currencies. The notes should be in good condition (no marks, nicks or tears) but it is not necessary for them to be brand new. At HCMC, people have also had Australian Dollars, GB Pounds and Euros accepted as payment instead of U.S. Dollars but no change is given for currencies other than U.S. dollars or Dong. However, to avoid payment problems, U.S. Dollars are preferable as there have been occasional reports of other currencies not being accepted. Once you have paid, your passport will be returned to you, along with a receipt for your payment. Be sure to check the newly issued visa for any errors while still at the window. You then go to the immigration control posts to be processed in the normal way. Baggage reclaim and Customs are downstairs.

At Hanoi (Noi Bai International Airport) the procedure differs slightly.  The VOA office is situated to the left of the escalator that takes you down to the immigration hall.  Hand in your passport and VOA approval letter at the counter, and pick up an Application for Entry and Exit Form if you haven’t downloaded and completed one beforehand. If necessary there are desks where you can fill in the form. Then walk along the right-hand side of the office to the counter at the opposite end and wait for your name to be called. Because foreign names can be difficult for the immigration officers to pronounce they usually also hold up the passport with the bearer’s photo facing outwards.

When you have handed your payment (see above for the required condition of the dollar notes), the completed Application for Entry and Exit form and passport photo to the immigration officer he or she will give you a receipt and return your passport to you, complete with the visa stamp. Check that the the exit date on the visa is correct (that is, in one month’s or three months’ time), then retrace your steps along the side of the office and proceed to Immigration Control, and then to baggage reclaim and Customs, which are situated on the same floor.

At Da Nang follow the exit signs. As soon as you enter the huge hall it is very easy to find the VOA window – it is on the left hand side and is clearly visible. The process is reasonably quick (approximately 15 minutes with all necessary paperwork completed before landing) but do bear in mind there is no guarantee it will be always be the same. After receiving visas / passports back, progress onwards to immigration control. Immigration Control can be slow, sometimes 3 or 4 long lines. Everyone queues up together going through the same check-points and there are no separate checkpoints for Vietnamese passengers and other nationalities.

Tip. If there are two or more of you obtaining VOA it would be prudent that once you’ve handed in your paperwork, that one of you stands in line for immigration control. That way you won’t be at the back of a long queue.

If you are thinking about applying for a Vietnamese driving license – you will need a 3 month visa as part of the application process.

A caution: If you apply for a 3 month VOA visa with a driving license in mind, do make sure you enter Vietnam on the original date that you asked for and what is shown on your approval letter. Any VOA issued visa starts from your actual arrival date. If you arrive any day(s) later than you originally intended you will end up with a visa with X number of days on it – not a full 3 month (90 day) visa. Your exit date is fixed and that is what limits the number of days the visa is valid for, e.g. you could end up with a visa valid for say 2 months 25 days etc. This can create problems when applying for the license. Therefore it’s a case of turning up when you said you would or alternatively going the embassy route, where the issued visa IS for a full 3 months (90 days), irrespective of when you arrive.

Note: Public holidays in Vietnam, e.g. Tet (Vietnam’s New Year), can seriously delay not only VOA applications but also embassy issued visas as well. Apply for either in good time.

Additional Notes:

Citizens of some countries do not need a visa for short visits but do please check that the following information is still valid:

  1. Stays of not more than 30 days: citizens of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Cambodia and Laos.
  2. Stays of not more than 21 days: citizens of Phillippines.
  3. Stays of not more than 15 days: citizens of Japan, South Korea, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Russian Federation.
  4. Stays of not more than 14 days: citizens of Brunei.

While there are various Visa Exemptions i.e. for travel to   Phu Quoc Island (subject to the 15 day rule), such travel invariably has to be booked through authorised Vietnamese travel agents.

Extending a visa is a simple process. However you will need to do it through an agent because there are many rules and the passport will have to be sent to HCMC or Hanoi. In general, all extended visas are single entry (they will be cancelled on departure) and the duration can be for 1 month or 3 months (1 month visas are not usually eligible for a 3 month extension). The cost start at 35$ for 1 month extension and the application can only be processed during the last week of the current visa’s validity and it usually takes 3 to 10 days.

Note: Citizens of the following countries are not eligible to obtain a VOA. NB: The list is not exhaustive. 

The various agents advertising on-line applications for VOA cannot process visa applications from citizens of the countries listed below. These citizens must obtain a visa prior to travel either from a Vietnamese Embassy or Consulate located in their country or via the Vietnam Immigration Department direct. Any approval letters issued will be declined on arrival.

List of Countries:

* Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Ghana, Guinea, Bissau, Haiti,  Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen, Zimbabwe